Agreement Libya: A Comprehensive Look Into The Peace Deal
The agreement Libya, also known as the Libyan Political Agreement (LPA), is a peace deal signed on December 17, 2015, between the rival factions in Libya. The deal was facilitated by the United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) and aimed to resolve the political and security crisis that had gripped the country since the fall of Muammar Gaddafi in 2011.
The LPA was signed in Skhirat, Morocco by representatives from the internationally-recognized Libyan Government of National Accord (GNA) and the Tobruk-based House of Representatives (HoR), which had previously refused to recognize the GNA. The agreement aimed to establish a Government of National Accord (GNA) as the sole legitimate government in Libya, replacing the previously fractured and unstable political framework.
Under the LPA, the GNA is composed of a nine-member Presidency Council and a Cabinet. The Presidency Council is made up of a President, a Senior Deputy President and six other members. The Cabinet is composed of technocrats selected by the Presidency Council.
The LPA also established a High State Council (HSC) as a consultative body to the GNA. The HSC is composed of 145 members, including representatives from various Libyan political factions and tribes. The Council’s mandate is to provide advice and assist the Presidency Council in decision-making.
The LPA aimed to establish a single Libyan Army under civilian control. However, this has not yet been achieved as the country remains divided between rival factions and militias. The LPA also aimed to unify the central bank and the National Oil Corporation, which control Libya’s vast oil resources. These efforts have been hampered by the ongoing conflict and the actions of rival factions.
The LPA has faced significant challenges since its signing. The House of Representatives was initially reluctant to ratify the agreement and was only able to do so in 2016, after several amendments were made to the original text. Several Libyan factions have also refused to recognize the GNA and have continued to operate independently, undermining the effectiveness of the agreement.
Despite these challenges, the LPA remains the most comprehensive attempt to resolve the political and security crisis in Libya. The agreement provided a framework for political dialogue and established the GNA as a legitimate authority in Libya. It also paved the way for the eventual liberation of the city of Sirte from ISIS and facilitated the return of several displaced Libyans to their homes.
The LPA is not a panacea for the political and security challenges facing Libya. However, it represents a significant step towards the establishment of a stable and unified government in the country. The successful implementation of the LPA will require the cooperation of all Libyan factions, as well as the support of the international community.
In conclusion, the agreement Libya is a landmark peace deal that aims to resolve the country’s political and security crisis. The LPA established a Government of National Accord, a High State Council and aimed to unify the Libyan Army, central bank and National Oil Corporation. Despite facing significant challenges, the LPA remains the most comprehensive attempt to resolve the crisis in Libya and represents a significant step towards the establishment of a stable and unified government in the country.